Modern Money Scotland is an economic think tank which aims to progress heterodox economic thinking from a Scottish perspective.

Modern Money Scotland argues that sovereign national accounting cannot
be compared with either household or business budgeting and that the concept of 'balancing the books' does not apply to the monopoly issuer of a currency.

Our goal is to change both the language and the debate around our national
economics and to develop policy which can encourage greater economic wellbeing in Scotland, refocusing the debate towards the wealth of real resources that Scotland has available.





Kairin van Sweeden

Executive Director

Kairin initially studied Hotel Reception and Bookeeping in Aberdeen and Furniture Design at Edinburgh School of Art before heading off to Glasgow, London and The Netherlands, where she became fluent in Dutch. When she returned to Scotland she became active in the Transition Town Movement.

In 2011 Kairin studied Life Sciences at the University of Dundee and in 2015 graduated with a BSc(Hons) in Anatomical Sciences. She is currently studying economics and is co-host of a YouTube show called Scotonomics. She is also convener of the Friends of St. Fittick's group and the SNP Climate & Environment group and recently took the UK Government to court as a plaintiff in the Paid to Pollute campaign.

Kairin is a bilingual, bookeeping businesswoman who knows her way around a profit and loss account. .


Cameron Archibald

Head of Research

Cameron is a full-time student at the University of Stirling, with a Bachelor of Arts with Honours in History and Politics. He is currently researching for a Masters degree in Public Policy, whilst carrying out independent research on behalf of Modern Money Scotland. Cameron also has experience as a Finance Administrator Assistant and has previously worked as a journalist for the Sunday National and Broadcasting Scotland.





Andrea Sánchez Quiroz

Andrea is an Ecological Economist who comes from Chile and lives in Shetland. She has a Bachelor degree in Economics and Masters degrees in both Finance and in Ecological Economics. Andrea graduated with distinction from the University of Edinburgh and now works as a consultant on economic sustainability, specialising in economic policy and nature conservation.


Dr. Timothy Rideout

Tim was born on the Isle of Man and brought up in Cape Town where he studied Geography, Economics and Economic History at the University of Cape Town. In 1984, he moved to Edinburgh and completed a PhD in Economic Geography. Thereafter, he worked at HarperCollins/Bartholomew before co-founding XYZ Maps in 1988. During the 2014 Scottish independence referendum, Tim became concerned about the Scottish currency question and this resulted in Amendment D at the April 2019 SNP Conference.  He is currently convener of the Scottish Currency Group and is campaigning to get it right on a future Scottish currency and Scottish central bank.


Craig Berry

Craig is an Engineer and member of the Institute of Engineering and Technology with over a decade of experience in electrical engineering. Craig has produced policy on the impact of automation on the Scottish economy, renewable energy and the Scottish space industry for the Common Weal Think Tank. He is the founding Convener of the SNP Common Weal Group and is a co-founder of Modern Money Scotland.





Prof. Fadhel Kaboub

Fadhel is an Associate Professor of economics at Denison University Ohio and President of the Global Institute for Sustainable Prosperity. Before settling at Denison in 2008, he taught at Simon’s Rock College of Bard (MA) and at Drew University (NJ) where Fadhel also directed the Wall Street Semester Program (NY). Furthermore, Fadhel has also held research affiliations with the Levy Economics Institute (NY), the Economic Research Forum (Egypt), the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University (MA), and the Center for Full Employment and Price Stability (MO).

Richard Murphy.jpg

Prof. Richard Murphy

Richard is a chartered accountant. After training with what is now KPMG, he established his own London accountancy firm, in which he is still a senior partner. This was in parallel with a career as an entrepreneur and company director. Thereafter, Richard moved into academia and campaigning. He co-founded the Tax Justice Network in 2003, the Green New Deal in 2008, the Fair Tax Mark in 2013 and the Corporate Accountability Network in 2019. From 2015 until 2020 he was Professor of Practice in International Political Economy at the City University of London and is currently Visiting Professor of Accounting at Sheffield University Management School. His best known book is 'The Joy of Tax' in which he supported Modern Monetary Theory, of which he is now a leading UK exponent. Richard blogs at www.taxresearch.org.uk and tweets @RichardJMurphy

Dr Dirk Ehnts

Dr Dirk Ehnts is author of 'Modern Monetary Theory and European Macroeconomics', which was published by Routledge in 2016.  He is speaker of the board of the Pufendorf Society in Berlin, an NGO dedicated to enlightening the public about the functioning of modern money and finance.  In 2019, Dirk organised the first European MMT conference in Berlin (https://www.mmtconference.eu) and for four years has taught MMT courses at Maastricht University summer school. Furthermore, he has held visiting professor positions at the Free University of Berlin and Flensburg University. Dr Ehnts has more than fifteen years of academic work experience.